EVIDENCE-BASED PROJECT, PART 1: IDENTIFYING RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES

EVIDENCE-BASED PROJECT, PART 1: IDENTIFYING RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES

To Prepare:

  • Review the Resources and identify a clinical issue of interest that can form the basis of a clinical inquiry. Keep in mind that the clinical issue you identify for your research will stay the same for the entire course.
  • Based on the clinical issue of interest and using keywords related to the clinical issue of interest, search at least four different databases in the Walden Library to identify at least four relevant peer-reviewed articles related to your clinical issue of interest. You should not be using systematic reviews for this assignment, select original research articles.
  • Review the results of your peer-reviewed research and reflect on the process of using an unfiltered database to search for peer-reviewed research.
  • Reflect on the types of research methodologies contained in the four relevant peer-reviewed articles you selected.

How to Create a Clinical Data Management Plan

Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

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After reading each of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected, use the Matrix Worksheet template to analyze the methodologies applied in each of the four peer-reviewed articles. Your analysis should include the following:

  • The full citation of each peer-reviewed article in APA format.
  • A brief (1-paragraph) statement explaining why you chose this peer-reviewed article and/or how it relates to your clinical issue of interest, including a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest.
  • A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article.
  • A brief (1-2 paragraph) description of the research methodology used. Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific.
  • A brief (1- to 2-paragraph) description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected.

Identifying Research Methodologies

Matrix Worksheet Template

Matrix Worksheet

 Part 1 of the Module 2 Assessment, Evidence-Based Project, Part 1: Identifying Research Methodologies

 Introduction

Finding resources to support best practices is vital for skill for nurses. Evidence-based practice helps to promote the safe nursing practice and improve patient outcomes. The clinical area of interest chosen for this assignment is the prevention of pressure ulcers. A PICOT question was formed to locate journal articles related to the subject.

PICOT: Among hospitalized bedridden patients (P), does the application of frequent repositioning, lotion, and use of pressure-relieving support surfaces (I) in comparison with current common practice (C) result in better prevention of pressure sores (O) within a period of six months (T)?

 

 

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Baron, M. V., Reuter, C. P., Burgos, M. S., Cavalli, V., Brandenburg, C., & Krug, S. B. F. (2016). Experimental study with nursing staff related to the knowledge about pressure ulcers. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem24. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1134.2831 Hekmatpou, D., Mehrabi, F., Rahzani, K., & Aminiyan, A. (2018). The effect of Aloe Vera gel on prevention of pressure ulcers in patients hospitalized in the orthopedic wards: A randomized triple-blind clinical trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine18(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2326-2 Mitchell, A. (2018). Adult pressure area care: Preventing pressure ulcers. British Journal of Nursing27(18), 1050-1052. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.18.1050 Nixon, J., Smith, I. L., Brown, S., McGinnis, E., Vargas-Palacios, A., Nelson, E. A., … & Henderson, V. (2019). Pressure relieving support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention (PRESSURE 2): Clinical and health economic results of a randomized controlled trial. EClinicalMedicine14, 42-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.07.018 

 

Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) I selected this piece because it explores the nurse’s involvement in pressure ulcer avoidance. No patient is allowed to get pressure injuries for the sake of research, which is how studies on this subject are ethical. The study results on the effectiveness of organic aloe vera in reducing pressure injuries are presented in the paper I chose. 

According to study ethics, patients in the control group will not be purposefully subjected to pressure ulcer risk.

I picked this article because it discusses how to avoid pressure sores. Similar to other trials, it is against ethical considerations for patients to purposefully get bed sores while being studied. I selected this piece because it examines ways to relieve pressure in order to avoid bed sores. In this field, research ethics involves looking into strategies that will not do subjects any damage.
Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article To determine nurses’ understanding of educational strategies for treating pressure ulcers. To find out how aloe vera affects orthopedic hospital patients’ ability to avoid pressure injuries. To spread knowledge regarding pressure injury prophylaxis. To evaluate the clinical and financial merits of two different bed covering options.
Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. It is a quantitative study with an experimental plan (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is a RCT (randomized controlled trial), that is usually quantitative in nature (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). 

 

This is a qualitative professional opinion. A quantitative RCT this is (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). 

 

A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. The ability to alter the independent variable is this methodology’s strongest point. The random assignment of individuals to research and experimental and control groups ensures validity and dependability (Hoe & Hoare, 2013). The ability to manipulate the independent variable to examine results in the dependent variable is strength. This promotes dependability and validity (Hoe & Hoare, 2013). This methodology’s strength comes from the author’s knowledge and experience. Its lack of strong supporting evidence is a problem. Due to the information’s subjective character, reliability and validity are quite poor. The ability to control the independent variable and the high sample size are the strengths. Both contribute to the results’ increased generalizability and validity.
General Notes/Comments This research is relevant to the selected clinical subject matter of interest. This research is relevant to the selected clinical topic of interest. This research is relevant to the selected clinical area of interest and adds to evidence-based practice knowledge available. The clinical issue of interest selected is relevant to this investigation.

References

Baron, M. V., Reuter, C. P., Burgos, M. S., Cavalli, V., Brandenburg, C., & Krug, S. B. F. (2016). Experimental study with nursing staff related to the knowledge about pressure ulcers. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem24. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1134.2831

Hekmatpou, D., Mehrabi, F., Rahzani, K., & Aminiyan, A. (2018). The effect of Aloe Vera gel on prevention of pressure ulcers in patients hospitalized in the orthopedic wards: A randomized triple-blind clinical trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine18(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2326-2

Hoare, Z., & Hoe, J. (2013). Understanding quantitative research: Part 2. Nursing Standard, 27(18), 48-55. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2013.01.27.18.48.c9488

Hoe, J., & Hoare, Z. (2012). Understanding quantitative research: Part 1. Nursing Standard, 27(15-17), 52-57. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2012.12.27.15.52.c9485

Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2019). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice, 4th ed. Wolters Kluwer.

Mitchell, A. (2018). Adult pressure area care: Preventing pressure ulcers. British Journal of Nursing27(18), 1050-1052. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.18.1050

Nixon, J., Smith, I. L., Brown, S., McGinnis, E., Vargas-Palacios, A., Nelson, E. A., … & Henderson, V. (2019). Pressure relieving support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention (PRESSURE 2): Clinical and health economic results of a randomized controlled trial. EClinicalMedicine14, 42-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.07.018

Identifying Research Methodologies

Introduction

The pursuit of evidence-based practices is essential for nursing professionals as it ensures safe nursing care and enhances patient outcomes. The chosen clinical area of interest for this assignment is the prevention of pressure ulcers. To facilitate this, a PICOT question was formulated to guide the selection of journal articles relevant to the subject.

PICOT: Among hospitalized bedridden patients (P), does the application of frequent repositioning, lotion, and the use of pressure-relieving support surfaces (I) as compared to current common practice (C) result in better prevention of pressure sores (O) within a period of six months (T)?

Full citation of selected article Article #1 Article #2 Article #3 Article #4
Baron, M. V., Reuter, C. P., Burgos, M. S., Cavalli, V., Brandenburg, C., & Krug, S. B. F. (2016). Experimental study with nursing staff related to the knowledge about pressure ulcers. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 24. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1134.2831

Hekmatpou, D., Mehrabi, F., Rahzani, K., & Aminiyan, A. (2018). The effect of Aloe Vera gel on the prevention of pressure ulcers in patients hospitalized in orthopedic wards: A randomized triple-blind clinical trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2326-2

Mitchell, A. (2018). Adult pressure area care: Preventing pressure ulcers. British Journal of Nursing, 27(18), 1050-1052. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.18.1050

Nixon, J., Smith, I. L., Brown, S., McGinnis, E., Vargas-Palacios, A., Nelson, E. A., … & Henderson, V. (2019). Pressure-relieving support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention (PRESSURE 2): Clinical and health economic results of a randomized controlled trial. EClinicalMedicine, 14, 42-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.07.018

Why you chose this article and/or how it relates to the clinical issue of interest (include a brief explanation of the ethics of research related to your clinical issue of interest) I selected this article because it explores the nurse’s involvement in preventing pressure ulcers. Ethically, no patient should be deliberately subjected to pressure ulcers for research purposes, which aligns with the principles of ethical research. The study I chose evaluates the effectiveness of organic aloe vera in reducing pressure ulcers. It is essential to note that it is ethically unacceptable to intentionally cause pressure ulcers in patients for the sake of research. I opted for this article because it discusses strategies for preventing pressure ulcers. Similarly, ethical considerations prohibit subjecting patients to pressure ulcers for research purposes. I chose this article because it investigates pressure ulcer prevention by evaluating the clinical and economic outcomes of different support surfaces. Ethically, it is not permissible to intentionally induce pressure ulcers in subjects for research.

Brief description of the aims of the research of each peer-reviewed article To determine nurses’ understanding of educational strategies for preventing pressure ulcers. To assess the impact of Aloe Vera on the prevention of pressure ulcers in orthopedic patients. To disseminate knowledge on pressure ulcer prophylaxis. To evaluate the clinical and economic outcomes of various support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention.

Brief description of the research methodology used Be sure to identify if the methodology used was qualitative, quantitative, or a mixed-methods approach. Be specific. It is a quantitative study with an experimental design (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). This is a randomized controlled trial (RCT), a predominantly quantitative method (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). This article employs a qualitative research methodology, reflecting the subjective nature of the information presented. Utilizes a quantitative RCT design, as per Hoe & Hoare (2012).

A brief description of the strengths of each of the research methodologies used, including reliability and validity of how the methodology was applied in each of the peer-reviewed articles you selected. The strength of this methodology lies in its ability to manipulate the independent variable, ensuring the reliability and validity of the study. The random assignment of subjects to research and control groups enhances the study’s dependability (Hoe & Hoare, 2013). The RCT methodology in this study allows the manipulation of the independent variable to observe its impact on the dependent variable, ensuring dependability and validity (Hoe & Hoare, 2013). The qualitative methodology’s strength is derived from the author’s expertise and experience. However, the lack of robust supporting evidence poses a challenge. Due to the subjective nature of the information, reliability and validity may be compromised. The quantitative RCT methodology employed in this study allows for control of the independent variable and involves a large sample size, enhancing generalizability and validity of the results.

General Notes/Comments This research is relevant to the selected clinical subject matter of interest. It aligns with ethical research principles, as no patients were intentionally subjected to pressure ulcers for research purposes. This research is pertinent to the chosen clinical topic of interest. It adheres to ethical considerations, ensuring that no patients were purposefully exposed to pressure ulcers during the study. This research addresses the selected clinical area of interest and contributes to the existing knowledge of evidence-based practice. Ethical research standards were upheld, and no subjects were intentionally subjected to pressure ulcers. The selected clinical issue of interest is directly relevant to this investigation.

References

Baron, M. V., Reuter, C. P., Burgos, M. S., Cavalli, V., Brandenburg, C., & Krug, S. B. F. (2016). Experimental study with nursing staff related to the knowledge about pressure ulcers. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 24. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1134.2831

Hekmatpou, D., Mehrabi, F., Rahzani, K., & Aminiyan, A. (2018). The effect of Aloe Vera gel on the prevention of pressure ulcers in patients hospitalized in orthopedic wards: A randomized triple-blind clinical trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2326-2

Hoe, J., & Hoare, Z. (2012). Understanding quantitative research: Part 1. Nursing Standard, 27(15-17), 52-57. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2012.12.27.15.52.c9485

Hoe, J., & Hoare, Z. (2013). Understanding quantitative research: Part 2. Nursing Standard, 27(18), 48-55. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns2013.01.27.18.48.c9488

Mitchell, A. (2018). Adult pressure area care: Preventing pressure ulcers. British Journal of Nursing, 27(18), 1050-1052. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.18.1050

Nixon, J., Smith, I. L., Brown, S., McGinnis, E., Vargas-Palacios, A., Nelson, E. A., … & Henderson, V. (2019). Pressure-relieving support surfaces for pressure ulcer prevention (PRESSURE 2): Clinical and health economic results of a randomized controlled trial. EClinicalMedicine, 14, 42-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.07.018

 

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